Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda
The most detailed report available online about the events in Rwanda in 1994. Written by Alison Des Forges and published by Human Rights Watch in March 1999.
The Third Genocide
By Alain Destexhe: one of the best brief overviews of the Rwandan genocide, published in Foreign Affairs (Winter 1994/95).
"An annotated guide to Internet resources on Rwanda for students, faculty, librarians, teachers, journalists, businesspeople and others."
Africa News Online: Rwanda
An excellent digest of news reports, mostly from African sources, about Rwanda and the aftermath of the 1994 genocide. See also the dispatches from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, prepared and distributed by U.N. staff.
Rudy Brueggemann's Rwanda Page
A fine selection of original reporting and photographs from and about Rwanda; Brueggemann is a writer, photographer, and online publisher based in Seattle, Washington. Includes a page of Rwanda-related links.
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
Home page of the Criminal Tribunal, based in Arusha, Tanzania. Includes the full text of judgments already handed down by the Tribunal, as well as updates on the trials of accused perpetrators of the Rwandan genocide.
The Triumph of Evil
Resources compiled for the 1999 PBS Frontline documentary on "how the west ignored warnings of the 1994 Rwanda genocide and turned its back on the victims." Includes interviews, a chronology, and further readings.
Human Rights - Rwanda
A page of links assembled by Kevin Reid of About.com.
The International Response to Conflict and Genocide:
Lessons from the Rwanda Experience
A detailed report prepared by the Steering Committee of the Joint Evaluation of Emergency Assistance to Rwanda, and published in the Journal of Humanitarian Assistance.
How the Early Use of Force Might Have Succeeded in Rwanda
A 1998 report written by Scott Feil and published by the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict; with a forward by Lt.-Gen. Romeo Dallaire, commander of UNAMIR forces in Rwanda at the time of the genocide.
U.S. Complicity by Silence: Genocide in Rwanda
A scathing indictment of U.S. policy during the Rwandan holocaust, written by Rakiya Omaar and Alex de Waal, and published in Covert Action Quarterly.
Report of the Independent Inquiry
into the Actions of the United Nations
during the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda
The complete text of the 1999 U.N. report on its failure to oppose the Rwandan genocide. See also U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan's response to the report: "I acknowledge this failure and express my deep remorse."
Genocide and Impunity:
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
after Five Years
A short evaluation of the ICTR's performance, prepared by the Public Education Center of The New York Times.
Rwanda: Timeline and Related Articles
A chronology of Rwandan history in the 19th and 20th centuries, along with links to New York Times coverage during and after the 1994 genocide.
Kashmir / Punjab / The Delhi Massacre
A well-designed and regularly-updated site on the Kashmir conflict, with historical background and a focus on human-rights abuses.
Kashmir as De Facto Disputed Territory
A fine collection of links providing a diversity of viewpoints on the Kashmir crisis. Compiled by the World Wide Web Virtual Library.
Jammu & Kashmir
"Find out what Jammu & Kashmir is -- and then ask the right questions about this unfortunate state, caught in the crossfire."
Death in Kashmir
The Birth of a Nation
Kashmir: The Unending War
Three excellent feature articles on the Kashmir crisis, by Pankaj Mishra in The New York Review of Books (September 21, October 5, and October 19, 2000). Includes some attention to the gender dimension.
Kashmir Information Network
The site provides background on the historical roots of the Kashmir conflict and the contemporary situation, from a strongly pro-Indian perspective.
Human Rights in Kashmir
Site denouncing Indian repression in Kashmir, with an array of links to human-rights sources on the conflict.
Behind the Kashmir Conflict: Abuses by Indian Security Forces and Militant Groups Continue
An in-depth investigation of the human-rights situation in Jammu and Kashmir, prepared by Human Rights Watch.
Evidence of Extra-Judicial Killings in Punjab
A critical overview of atrocities in Punjab, written by Ram Narayan Kumar.
A site constructed by Sikh nationalists to protest Indian repression. Includes print and photographic materials on the Delhi Massacre.
Another Sikh nationalist site, including photographs from the Delhi Massacre..
The Delhi Massacre:
An Example of Malicious Government
A detailed discussion of the 1984 massacre in Delhi, with heart-rending survivors' testimony. Compiled by Khalsa Human Rights.
The European Witch-Hunts
A fine, if erratically translated, collection of commentaries, primary documents, and links on the medieval witch-hunts. Produced by the University of Köln, Germany.
The Witches: Myth and Reality
A well-designed and profusely-illustrated overview of the phenomenon of witchcraft and witch persecution, by Adrian Nicholas McGrath of ParaScope.
Recent Developments in the Study of The Great European Witch Hunt
An interesting and eye-opening essay on the myths and realities of the witch-hunt, written by Jenny Gibbons, a scholar of medieval history.
European Witch Hunts
An annotated bibliography, with Web links.
, perhaps the most famous work of misogyny (woman-hatred) ever written.
"A discussion of the historical witchtrials of Europe and New England," prepared by Joan Pontius of Rutgers University. One of the most extensive sites on witchcraft and witch-hunts, richly illustrated. Also includes The Malleus Maleficarum
Early Modern Europe: The Witch Hunts
An excellent collection of links to primary and secondary research materials, prepared by the Hanover College History Department.
The Witchcraft Bibliography Project
Perhaps the most extensive set of bibliographical resources on the witch-hunts and related issues.
The Witch Hunts: The End of Magic and Miracles
An online excerpt from Helen Ellerbe's book, The Dark Side of Christian History.
Salem, Massachusetts: What About Witches?
An introduction to the famous Salem trials that became the basis of Arthur Miller's play, The Crucible. Created by the modern Salem municipality.
Gendercide in Rural Tanzania: Sukuma Witch Killings
By Simeon Mesaki of the Sociology Department, University of Dar-es-Salaam. Note: this .pdf file requires the Adobe Acrobat reader..
Corvée (Forced) Labour
The International Labour Organization
The homepage of the pre-eminent international organization for labour standards and practices. Includes the "Forced Labour Convention, 1930", the full text of the ILO's key document limiting the legal imposition of forced labour to "adult able-bodied males."
The Fair Labour Association
"A non-profit organization established to protect the rights of workers in the United States and worldwide ... made up of consumer, human and labor rights groups." Opposes all forms of "forced labor, whether in the form of prison labor, indentured labor, bonded labor or otherwise."
That Magnificent African Cake:
Exhibit on the Belgian Congo
A wryly-titled gallery of photographs and illustrations of the Congo "rubber terror," compiled by Jennifer Brainard of HistoryWiz.
The Butcher of Congo
A profile of Belgium's King Leopold, architect of the genocidal "rubber terror," written by Baffour Ankomah and published in New African (October 1999.)
Heart of Darkness: Leopold's Congo
A collection of fascinating turn-of-the-century articles from The New York Times about King Leopold and the contemporary accusations of Belgian cruelty in the Congo. Includes links to Times reviews of Adam Hochschild's book King Leopold's Ghost.
Congo's Forgotten Holocaust
An article about the "rubber terror" by Stephen Bates in the Daily Mail & Guardian (South Africa).
Reforming the Heart of Darkness:.
The Congo Reform Movement in England and the United States
An excellent collection of links on the reform movement that succeeded in stemming the tide of atrocities in the Congo. Includes a link to the complete text of Joseph Conrad's novella Heart of Darkness